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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are infections that can be transmitted from one person to another through vaginal, anal, and oral sexual contact. Often, these infections exhibit mild symptoms or no symptoms at all, making it possible to have an STD without realizing it. Therefore, it is crucial to undergo regular screening for STDs if you are sexually active.

Below are some of the most common STDs among men and women.

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a common, treatable, sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can cause infection in both men and women. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause serious health problems, pelvic inflammatory disease, and infertility. Chlamydia is the first most common STD.

How is chlamydia spread?

Chlamydia can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. The infection can be carried in vaginal fluids, cum, and pre-cum, and can be spread even if no one cums.

What are the symptoms of chlamydia?

Most people who are infected do not notice any symptoms. Symptoms may not appear until several weeks after being infected. Below are some symptoms you may experience if infected with chlamydia.

Symptoms for Women:

  • White, yellow or grey vaginal discharge that many have an odor

  • Pus in your urine (pyuria)

  • Increased need to urinate

  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating (dysuria)

  • Bleeding in between periods

  • Painful periods

  • Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

  • Itching or burning in or around the vagina

  • Dull pain in the lower part of your abdomen

Do I need to get tested for chlamydia?

Most men and women with chlamydia do not show symptoms so it is best to get regularly tested especially if you are 25 or younger and are sexually active, 25 or older with multiple and new sexual partners, having sex with a partner who might have other sexual partners, and not practicing safe sex.

How is chlamydia treated?

Chlamydia can be treated and cured with antibiotics. If you test positive for chlamydia, your doctor or nurse will prescribe you antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment must be finished, even if symptoms go away. You should not have sexual intercourse until treatment is done and symptoms are gone.

How can I reduce my risk?

  • Get tested regularly

  • Use condoms, dental dams, etc,

  • Limit your number of sexual partners

  • Don't share sex toys

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